Cowpeas were transported via ships that carried distressed slaves to the Caribbean Basin. Thiourea application on cowpea. The cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is one of several species of the widely grown genus Vigna. The earliest records of cowpea use date back to Jamaica around 1675, its use in America has been dated back to 1714 around Florida. Cowpea also known as Vigna unguiculata is a legume of the family Fabaceae ⁄ Leguminosae. Cowpea is an annual herb with varying growth forms. (IPM CRSP, 2000). See more. APSIM-Cowpea can be used with most confidence in the sub-tropics and tropics of northern Australia. Rose, C. W., McCown, R.L. This short article about biology can be made longer. Adiku S.K., Carberry P.S. In the U.S., the largest market class of cowpea harvested as dried seed is black-eyed pea and pink-eyed/purple hull southern pea. this is open class study site. These are the leguminous plants; such as clover, beans, cowpeas, alfalfa, soy bean, etc. Cowpea is a type of bean, which is lengthy and green in colour. George Washington imported cowpeas from Jamaica around 1797. Table 1 summarises module performance. The crop is prone to frost. This is done by planting such crops as hemp, clover or cowpeas. The black-eyed pea is an example. Japan International Research Centre for Agricultural Sciences. : a sprawling herb (Vigna unguiculata synonym V. sinensis) of the legume family related to the bean and widely cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, green manure, and edible seeds also : its edible seed. For silage it is inferior to corn or sorghum. Black-eyed peas are a subspecies of the cowpea. Root: cowpea has a strong taproot and many spreading lateral roots in surface soil. 1996b. A new kind of bag for cowpeas in western Africa cuts weevil infestations and boosts incomes and productivity. The cow-pea is a bean rather than a pea, having large leaves with three leaflets and seeds frequently oblong or kidney-shaped. "Trees, Fruits and Flowers of Minnesota, 1916" by. J. Its origin and subsequent domestication is associated with pearl millet and sorghum in Africa. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. "The Library of Work and Play: Gardening and Farming." Cowpea scientific name is “Vigna Unguiculata”. Many leguminous plants, such as alfalfa, cowpeas, peanut vines, etc., may be cut fine and used as an absorbent for molasses. Banjo sown at Gatton , Queensland under full irrigation. The cowpea module was developed by Peter Carberry and Michael Robertson . Leaves: The first pair of leaves is … It is available for forage and soiling and for hay, in the latter use, when well cured, ranking with red clover; and it is one of the foremost nitrogen-gatherers. Dynamics of Roots and Nitrogen in Cropping Systems of the Semi-Arid Tropics, pp. Cowpea is a heat-loving and drought-tolerant crop. See pea. It requires much heat and will bear no frost; hence it is most at home in the South, but varieties have been secured which will mature in 60 days, and its culture is extending northward. An assembly of the single‐haplotype inbred genome of cowpea IT97K‐499‐35 was developed by exploiting the synergies between single‐molecule real‐time sequencing, optical and genetic mapping, and an assembly … Crop growth is not sensitive to waterlogging. & Braddock, R. (1993). Soil conditions Cowpea grows in a … ; McCown, R.L. Along with the scientific name and classification of Cowpea, know about other Cowpea Facts. Addeddate 2010-01-28 11:45:24 Call number Cultivars and crop classes. Cultivars differ in terms of biomass partitioning to grain and phenology. It may be erect, trailing, climb-ing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions. 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